Fiji islands weather is dominated by a mild tropical maritime climate without extreme heat or cold. The average daytime temperature around the Fiji Islands varies only by a few degrees, this is caused by the temperature stabilizing influence of the surrounding ocean.
The Summer from November till April is warm and humid. Days are usually calm and sunny often with short but heavy afternoon or night showers. Summer temperatures average about 28 C. The warmest and calmest is usually February/March with Temperatures just over 30 Celsius.
The Winter from May till October brings dryer southeast trade winds that can cause the evenings to be cool and windy. Average daytime temperature in winter are around 25 C. August usually is the coldest month temperatures can drop just under 20 Celsius on overcast days.
Winds in Fiji
Average winds in Fiji are light to moderate, with the predominating wind direction beeing southeasterly tradewinds. The summer month are usually calm, with flat seas for many weeks, which makes boat rides very easy and enjoyable. In winter the trade winds pick up and become more persistent. Strongest average winds are in August, and seas are often choppy and rough for many weeks. Boat trips with small boats are often uncomfortable then and may be restricted for safety consideration to close protected dive sites.
Rain in Fiji
Rainfall in Fiji is influenced by the topography of the islands and the prevailing southeast trade winds.
Those trade winds are blowing over warm tropical ocean picking up moisture. When this warm moist air is cooled off, as it happens when it hits mountains and is forced to move up to cooler regions, the water will condense into clouds and rain.
Fiji’s large islands Viti Levu and Vanua with their high mountains create wet climatic zones on their windward sides and dry climatic zones on their leeward sides. The smaller an island and the lower it’s topography, like a small coral cay like Leleuvia, the less it is prone to rain through this orographic lift effect.
Much of the Fiji`s rain falls in heavy brief local showers. Those can be abundant during the “wet half of the year” (November to April), especially over the larger islands as just described. ln the “drier half of the year” (May to October), the heaviest rainfalls occurs on the windward sides of the larger islands.
The wettest month is usually March and the driest month is almost always July. During the wet season, brief heavy afternoon showers and thunderstorms are common.
But those are the statistics. After all, bad weather spells like a week or two of continuous rain can happen any time of the year.
Tropical Cyclones in Fiji
The weather in Fiji can get really ugly during a tropical cyclone. But fortunately, the Fiji Islands are only occasionally affected by tropical cyclones. They occur usually in the summer season from November to April. That’s why summer is also beeing called the cyclone season. The weather in Fiji’s summer and in most of the equatorial pacific is dominated by long calm periods with no wind and calm seas. This gives the sun the chance to heat up the ocean and the air above it. Hot air moves up creating low pressure. When there is enough energy build up, then this tropical low-pressure cells can form into a tropical cyclone.
Most cyclones in the South Pacific never make landfall because the Pacific is just so big and wide. So cyclones that affect Fiji are rare. Statistically, only one cyclone per year affects some islands of the Fiji group. Of those, only every third one causes severe damage to some area in Fiji. Specific locations or islands are often not directly affected for several years. To experience a cyclone in Fiji is a rare event.
More about Fiji Weather on Fiji Meteorological Service